China - Education

Education in China: A Snapshot

Education In China: A Snapshot by Kristen Shannon on Scribd

Guiding Questions

1. What are the major challenges faced by China's public education system? How do these compare and contrast to education challenges in the US? In other parts of Asia?

2. What do China's new (2010-2020) education reform measures aim to do?

3. What is the role of the teacher in the Chinese classroom?

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  • It is interesting to me how some of China's new education reform is quite like our implementation of the common core curriculum in the USA. We work in the same ways by piloting and then reflecting and then piloting again, gathering information along the way to change where we are going. Our goal and China's goal of taking the students from just memorizing and learning information to actually teaching students how to apply their knowledge to real world situations is not that drastically different. It will be interesting to see if by replacing book work in science with authentic student experiments and new energy, energy, health and conservation, will future society change and will there be a different impact with pollution and other environmental problems China faces.

    Also, to focus on the rural areas and finding resources for students from lower income families sounds very familiar and seems to be a global concern. Preschool education is rising as part of the reform which is also something we focus on here in the US. Loved how the higher achieving schools were making contracts with lower achieving schools in order to work together to improve education for students.

    Having teachers be required to stay in a Rural area for three years does give the teacher a larger understanding of the students’ needs in education. What would happen if this was something we were required to do here in the US?

    After reading the press conference by the Ministry of Education of The People’s Republic of China, and seeing one of the goals of the reform to make more education free to all learners even past compulsory school is eye opening to me. In our country, we take for granted how our students attend high school and vocational schools for free.

    Last year I visited a Chinese Immersion program in Western Maryland and I was intrigued by how the students were taught by teachers who applied to teach in the USA from China. It was presented to us that the students were being taught using Chinese strategies and in traditional Chinese ways, however I did see a lot of memorization and teacher teaches, students respond. If the reform is changing in China, will this effect what is also going on here as well?

    I am very interested to see as we visit schools in China if it was actually close to what I saw in Western Maryland. It might be something to look into for future fellows, maybe to visit the schools participating in these programs and then use it as a foundation to compare to.
  • In light of the webinar we had, I thought this article about schools being required to have an "open house" interesting - thoughts?
    • Awesome! Thanks for sharing. I'll add this article to the resource guide.I love the idea of an "open house" to dispel a lot of the myths surrounding public education in China. The overemphasis on private schools makes it seem like public schools aren't a viable option, unfortunately.
  • Traditionally, the role of the teacher was to drill students in rote memory information to be used on government mandated tests. Realizing that this has caused China to fall behind in areas like technological innovation, research, and the arts. Schools are moving to a new model of "learning oriented classrooms" where teachers have more freedom in choosing what they teach and how they teach. The major challenges that China faces are the increasing numbers of citizens moving from rural to urban areas, and providing an opportunity for an equal education for all of it's students.
    • You've identified a key point. Rural flight is a major issue in most countries. In terms of education, it often leads to overcrowding and the failure to build education infrastructures in the rural areas.

      Regarding population, I wonder how China's shift from a one child to two child policy in 2015 will impact their education system in the long run.
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What Do We Know About the Largest Education system in the world - A snapshot of Education in China

Shanghai, China - Strong Performers and Successful Reformers in Education

Shanghai and Hong Kong: Two Distinct Examples of Education Reform in China

China’s Education System at a Glance

Source: "Shanghai-China", Center on International Education Benchmarking, NCEE 


Open House as Public Schools Welcome Guests, Shanghai Daily, March 20, 2017

China’s Role in International Education by the Numbers by Allan Goodman, Huffington Post, November 14,2016

Why Eastern And Western Cultures Tackle Learning Differently by Alix Spiegel, NPR, September 2, 2013

China’s education system leaves students woefully unprepared for the real world by Jenny Anderson, Quartz, March 2, 2016

A Shifting Education Model in China by Bruce Fuller, The Atlantic, December 14, 2015

PISA's China Problem by Tom Loveless, Brookings, October 9, 2013

Study: Where Are Teachers Most Respected? by Liana Heitin, Teaching Now, Education Week, October 4, 2013

New Curriculum Reform in China and its Impact on Teachers by Linyuan Guo, Canadian and International Education, January 8, 2013

A Comparative Study of Teacher Preparation and Qualifications in Six Nations, Chapter 2, "The Qualifications of the Teaching Force", edited by Richard M. Ingersoll, Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE), 2006

The Development of Special Education in China by Yanhui Pang and Dean Richey, International Journal of Special Education, 2006

Ditching the stigma of vocational education by Yang Meiping, Shanghai Daily, September 3, 2016

China: Vocational Education Matches Youth with Jobs and Helps Sustain Growth The World Bank, February 17, 2012

Education Reform in China: What the educators think OECD Insights, March 19, 2010

Who's Afraid of the Big Bad Dragon?: Why China Has the Best (And Worst) Education System in the World by Yong Zhao